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skyscraper January 2 Chronological Bible Study

Timeline. Map. Go to today's Bible reading: Genesis 4:1- 6:8; 1Chronicles 1:1-4

Judgment and Grace

Parents want their adult children to live responsible or even godly lives. However, sometimes they can cause them grief. They may commit crimes, use drugs or become alcoholics. They may mistreat their family members and end up divorced. They may do many foolish things. This can even happen after parents faithfully and lovingly support their children and all their activities. They may take their children to church, and their children may even make professions of faith and be baptized. If parents have done these things, how is it that their children sometimes turn from God? How can they be turned back to Him? Today's Bible study may help us answer these questions.

In our study of Genesis we last left Adam and Eve cast out of the Garden of Eden, each having received a curse for their sins. Now as they began to have children their sin natures were genetically passed on to them. Thus we have the first problem that causes people to turn from God, “for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,” (Romans 3:23, NIV). Romans 5:12 says, “… sin entered the world through one man [Adam], and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned—,” (NIV). Man's nature was good until he inherited a sin nature. Even so, every man and woman is responsible for his/her own sins (Ezekiel 18:20).

Genesis 4 records the account of a sibling rivalry between Cain and Abel, the two adult boys of Adam and Eve. Cain was angry because Abel's offering was accepted but his was not. Why did God favor Abel's offering over Cain's? Cain's offering was a grain offering, a contribution of thanksgiving from his crops (the text does not say his grain offering was the first fruit of his crops). Abel's offering was a sacrifice, the sacrifice of one of his firstborn sheep. It was a better gift that was born from a righteous heart (Hebrews 11:4). His gift pictured what Jesus would do for us like the Lamb of God who gave his life for the world (John 1:29). God favored Abel's sacrifice, and this made Cain jealous. Jealousy is a very powerful emotion caused by our sin nature, and it led Cain to murder his brother. Because of Cain's sin he was banished and cursed. Sin can lead to devastating results. God was merciful not to kill Cain, however, he was banished from the fertile land of Eden. Nevertheless, God graciously protected him.

What does Genesis 4: 7 say about the nature of sin and our responsibility concerning it? God told Cain that sin is “crouching [like a lion ready to devour] at the door. You must master it,” (NIV). How could Cain master it? Cain could master it the same way that we can master it - through faith in God and obedience to him. The Apostle Paul also struggled with his sins and said it is through faith in Jesus Christ, God's Son that we can have the victory over our sin nature (Romans 7:24-25). A personal relationship with Jesus Christ as our Savior and our obedience to God is the key to mastering sin. No one can ultimately master his sins without God. (more...)

In Genesis 5, there is a genealogical record of Adam's descendants. The reader might first notice that there is a chosen line of descendants from Adam. Adam's firstborn son was Cain, but neither he nor Abel are mentioned in this genealogy. Seth is the first of the chosen line, and thereafter certain individuals from his family tree were part of the chosen line. Why is this? The answer is that God was selecting a family line that he was choosing to bless. This line would lead to the people of Israel through Abraham's seed. We who have called upon God for our salvation also have a family relationship with God - we are his adopted children through his Son Jesus Christ, though most of us are not Jewish (Ephesians 1:3-14).This is amazing grace.

Seth, Enoch and Noah were particularly bright lights in the record of the genealogy of Adam and Eve. When Enosh, Seth's son was born, “men began to call upon the name of the LORD,” (Genesis 4:26, NIV). Did this happen by chance? Probably not. It is more likely that after Enosh was born, Seth took his fatherly role seriously. He led his progeny to seek the LORD, when for a time his own generation did not. If Seth did this for his family so that they would call upon the name of the LORD, shouldn't we do the same? Do we set the example of worship and devotion by daily spending personal time with God? This one-year daily chronological Bible study is a good way to do this, and we help you stay on track. Do we lead our families to seek the LORD by spending time with them in Bible study and prayer? Do we go to church with them? Do we serve the LORD together? If we do, our children will learn to call upon the name of the LORD and to seek him.

A casual reading of Genesis 5 also shows that the consequences of sin brought eventual death to Adam and Eve and to all their descendants. The phrase in Genesis 5 "And he died" occurs at the end of the record of each person's life. This emphasizes the result of sin. Romans 6:23 says, “For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord,” (NIV). Have you accepted God's gift of eternal life? (more...) Christians, it is good to live our lives for God for we only have a short life on this earth to please him (James 4:14).

Yet another observation from Genesis 5 that a reader could make is that people lived a very long time in those days. How did the people in that era live so long? Different theories have been espoused regarding the answer to this question (more …), but perhaps, because of our sin nature, God did not want us to continue living long lives. We may feel grief over the loss of a good person, but we feel relief over the death of an evil person. What kind of a world might we live in if evil people were allowed to live, not just 70-80 years but 800 to 900? We already know what that could be like because of the record in Genesis 6:1-7.

It grieved God, in Noah's time, that man's wickedness was so great that “every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time,” (Genesis 6:5, NIV). Because of this God was going to wipe mankind and all land and air creatures off the face of the earth. “But Noah found grace in the eyes of the LORD,” (v.8, NIV). This was judgment, but in God's judgment He was (and is) often gracious.

Lessons to live by:

  • Everyone is born a sinner and must bear the consequences for his choices.
  • A personal relationship with Jesus and obedience are the keys to mastering our sins. (more...)
  • God preserves the godly line of those who are faithful and who faithfully instruct their children to love and obey the LORD.
  • It is good to live our lives for God for we only have a short life on this earth to please him.
  • God judges sin, but he is often merciful and gracious, especially to those who have a changed heart and seek to please him.

Today's Bible memory verse:

Psalm 143:1 “O LORD, hear my prayer, listen to my cry for mercy; in your faithfulness and righteousness come to my relief.” (NIV)

praying girl Write a private prayer response to today’s Bible study:

Please send your comments to mtbiblestudies@gmail.com

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