man looks down from top of escalator August 28 Chronological Bible Study

Timeline. Map. Go to today’s Bible reading: Ezekiel 26, 27, 28

A Fall from Great Heights

We have all admired some person or organization that fell from greatness, and we lamented the loss. Perhaps it happened when a large publicly traded company or national bank went belly-up. Perhaps it happened when a talented and much admired sports figure was convicted of a heinous crime. Perhaps it happened when a much beloved politician, preacher or teacher was caught in embezzlement or immorality. Falls from greatness happen to people and organizations in high positions of power and influence when they get prideful and corrupt in their dealings. Eventually, their unethical and immoral behavior catches up with them, and then great is the crash. The nation of Tyre was like that.

Tyre was a coastal city, north of Israel. Her king, Ethbaal III, became very proud. His nation had very good business acumen, and so he gained great wealth and prestige by her trade. Every nation in the Middle East traded with Tyre, including Israel. When Judah fell to Babylon, however, Tyre was one of the nations who rejoiced and tried to take advantage of her loss. God was very angry with the Ethbaal III, the king of the nation of Tyre.

The pride of King Ethbaal III was compared to another villain - Lucifer (later called Satan). Many scholars believe Ezekiel 28:12-17 is a reference to Lucifer; however, in the larger context the allusion seems to be a comparison with the king of Tyre. Ezekiel 28:13-15 says,

You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz and emerald, chrysolite, onyx and jasper, sapphire, turquoise and beryl. Your settings and mountings were made of gold; on the day you were created they were prepared. You were anointed as a guardian cherub, for so I ordained you. You were on the holy mount of God; you walked among the fiery stones (a possible reference to the holy presence of God - Ezekiel 10:1-20). You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created till wickedness was found in you.”

As Chief Cherub (guardian angel), Lucifer, had direct access to the presence of God and was highly favored by the LORD of all creation, but pride was his downfall. Since Eden is thought to have been in Babylon near where the Tigris and Euphrates river meet (Genesis 2:10-14), Ezekiel 28:13-15 may have been merely a comparison of the pride of Lucifer and King Ethbaal III, or perhaps, as some theologians suggest, King Ethbaal III was demon possessed (for additional insights about Lucifer or Satan, go to more). For his pride, God cast Lucifer and his myriad of angels down to the earth. From then on he became known as Satan (meaning "adversary") or the devil. For Ethbaal's sinful pride, claiming that he was a god (Ezekiel 28:1) and profiteering by Judah’s calamity, his nation would be cast down and destroyed by Babylon. As in the case of Lucifer, the world would be appalled at Tyre’s great fall. Ezekiel 26-28 was written as a lament for Tyre and Sidon’s fall (God does not rejoice at the calamities of nations. His wish is for them to repent and experience his grace, Ezekiel 33:11). This fall from greatness happened gradually as Babylon (in 572-573 B.C.) and Greece (by Alexander the Great in 332 B.C.) cut off her trade and finally destroyed Tyre.

Lessons to live by:

  • Are you proud of your accomplishments? Do you credit yourself with your success, or, do you humbly give God credit for everything? Give God the credit for his grace in your life. He sets up one person and puts down another.
  • How do you get your profits? Do you take advantage of the misfortunes of others or do you honestly earn them? God judges people for unfairness and lack of integrity in their dealings. He wants us to love our neighbor as ourselves and do no harm to them (Leviticus 19:9-11; Psalm 15; Proverbs 3:29; Mark 12:28-34; 1Corinthians 10:23-24).
  • Live in humility and thankfulness for all God has given you. Do not let your heart be lifted up with pride so that you think you are invincible. Pride leads to corruption, which leads to destruction. Do not fall from greatness.
  • God laments the fall of nations. His wish is for them to repent and experience his grace. He wishes the same for each one of us (more...)

Insights on today’s Bible study were gained in part by The Bible Knowledge Commentary of the O.T., by Walvoord and Zuck, © 1985, pp.1278-1285.

Today’s Bible memory verse: Proverbs 16:18 “Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall.” (NIV)

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